Families whose dreams always include having children who are biologically related to them,but are incapable of carrying a child to term,may decide on turning to surrogacy as a means of making their dreams come true.
Surrogacy and rainbow babies are fairly common as a number of women choose to use a surrogate to carry their baby to term after experiencing the heartbreak of miscarriages. There are even women who go through multiple miscarriages before making the decision to have another woman carry her rainbow baby. A rainbow baby is essentially a baby born after a family miscarries or experience neonatal death or still birth (-).
Surrogacy is a term used in reference to an arrangement in which the woman performing the role of the surrogate decides to conceive,go through the pregnancy and give birth to a child for the intended parent or parents to raise.
Traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy are two main types; the details of both are highlighted below:
In the case of traditional surrogacy,the surrogate mother provides eggs from her own ovaries and as such,she is genetically related to the baby. In addition,with this type of surrogacy,the surrogate could become pregnant either through IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) or IUI (Intra-Uterine Insemination) with sperm from the intended parent or from a sperm donor.
In the case of gestational surrogacy,the surrogate mother will have no genetic link to the child. Through the IVF process,the egg from the prospective biological mother is fertilized inside the lab with the sperm from the prospective biological father (or it could be from an egg donor and sperm donor) and the created embryo is then positioned into the uterus of the gestational mother so she can begin the journey towards pregnancy and child birth.